Every civilisation commemorates certain historic battles which have played a significant role in its history. For the Muslims, the Battle of Badr was a major event in which the Muslims defeated a powerful Quraysh army against all odds after being driven out from their homes in Makkah following economic sanctions and persecution. Below are 6 points regarding this decisive battle:
1. It took place in Ramadan
The Battle of Badr took place on the 17th of Ramadan, two years after Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam migrated to Madinah Munawaarah.
2. Badr is located 70 miles from Madinah
Badr is approximately 110km from Madinah and approximately 160km by road. It takes over 1hr and 45 mins to reach Badr by car. In the time of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam it would have taken much longer to reach there.
3. It is mentioned in the Qur’an
The Battle of Badr is alluded to in several verses in the Qur’an, it is mentioned by name is Surah Aal-‘Imran, ‘And certainly Allah helped you at Badr when you were very weak. Be mindful of Allah, so that you may be grateful. (3;123)
4. Muslims were outnumbered
Muslims were outnumbered by a ratio of 1:3. The Muslim army numbered around 313 who were poorly-equipped and the Quraysh had over 950 well-equipped. Eminent companions such as Abu Bakr, Umar, Ali, Hamza, Mus’ab ibn Umair, Zubair bin Awwam, Ammar ibn Yasir and Abu Dharr al-Ghifari Radiyallahu anhum took part.
5. Angels assisted the Muslims in battle
5,000 angels helped the Muslims achieve victory over the Quraysh who were better equipped in terms of weaponry, camels and war-horses. As Allah mentioned in the Quran, ‘Well, if you are steadfast and mindful of Allah, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand swooping angels if the enemy should suddenly attack you!’ [3;125]
14 companions were martyred in the battle. Their names are listed at the site of the battle:
1) Sayyiduna ‘Umayr ibn Abi Waqas رضي الله عنه
2) Sayyiduna Safwan ibn Wahb رضي الله عنه
3) Sayyiduna Dhu-Shimalayn ibn ‘Abdi رضي الله عنه
4) Sayyiduna Mihja’ ibn Salih رضي الله عنه
5) Sayyiduna ‘Aqil bin al-Bukayr رضي الله عنه
6) Sayyiduna ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Harith رضي الله عنه
7) Sayyiduna Sa’ad ibn Khaythama رضي الله عنه
8) Sayyiduna Mubashir ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir رضي الله عنه
9) Sayyiduna Harithah ibn Suraqah رضي الله عنه
10) Sayyiduna Rafi’ ibn Mu’ala رضي الله عنه
11) Sayyiduna ‘Umayr ibn Humam رضي الله عنه
12) Sayyiduna Yazid ibn al-Harith رضي الله عنه
13) Sayyiduna Mu’awidh ibn al-Harith رضي الله عنه
14) Sayyiduna ‘Awf ibn al-Harith رضي الله عنه
70 men from the army of the Quraysh were killed including Abu Jahl, one of their commanders. Many others were taken as prisoners of war by the Muslims who were later ransomed.
Had it not been for the effort and sacrifices of the blessed Sahaba Radhiyallahu Anhum, the Islam which we so freely practise today would not have been possible. May Allah Ta’ala grant these beloved heroes of Islam the highest rank in Jannah and grant us the ability to emulate them and show the respect and love which they truly deserve. Ameen.
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)